attorney is a person who has powers
from another individual to proceed on his behalf. The agent,
therefore, represents the other person and acts on his behalf. For
example: "The issue is in the hands of my attorney, " "The
attorney for the footballer stated that the matter will only be resolved at the
end of the championship, " "Gomez accused his attorney of defrauding
him and keeping his money. "
For law, the empowerment process takes place through the
document known as power. This is a unilateral manifestation of
the subject that grants it and must be authenticated before a notary. In this
way, the individual authorizes her agent to make agreements on her behalf.
The limits and scope of the agent's task depend on what is established by the
power. This prevents the attorney from exceeding his duties and
acting in a way that is not endorsed by the president. It should be noted that
the represented party is responsible for the actions of his attorney.
The figure of the attorney is common among artists and athletes, who delegate
power to another person for the negotiation of contracts or the management of
commercial operations. The notion of proxy, this case, is used as a synonym for representative or agent.
In an election process, the electoral representative is the
one who represents the interests of a list of candidates and
who is in charge of representing the candidacy in electoral acts and
operations. This is a person who can make claims about the count.
The person who represents a political party or an independent candidacy is
known as the proxy for the table; it has the right to
speak, albeit without a vote, and must attend certain electoral acts,
such as the Mesas Receptor de Sugrafios (an electoral body that receives the
votes cast during an electoral or plebiscitary process, and carries out the
scrutiny, among others functions) to observe them.
There are two fundamental requirements to become a proxy for the table, which
are: being a citizen who has the right to vote; not having received any sentence for
any of the crimes sanctioned by the laws that govern the Public Electoral
On the other hand, the following persons cannot be appointed as
representatives of the table, regardless of whether they comply with the two
points just discussed: regional governors and councilors, mayors,
undersecretaries, ministers of state, mayors, superior service
chiefs, legal and police judges local, magistrates of the Superior Courts,
regional ministerial secretaries, comptrollers general of the Republic, members
of Public Order and the Armed Forces, blind, illiterate and foreigners.
Depending on the case, power can be granted by:
* a general attorney, both titular and substitute, who is at
the site where the electoral act is held. This is valid for the representatives
of the electoral office and of polling stations;
* an electoral manager, who must proceed with the
authorization in the presence of a notary. These are the requirements for the
designation of a general, incumbent or substitute power, and for powers before
scrutinizing colleges, qualifying court of elections, regional electoral courts
and electoral boards.
Finally, the appointment must indicate a series of very specific data for the
power to be considered valid; These are: the full name, the national document number
of the person designated as proxy, the name of the party or candidate to be
represented, and the details of the table, the venue, the board, the electoral
office, the court or the college to which it is accredited. It should be
mentioned that it is not possible to omit any of the mentioned data.