Lessor is the one who gives or offers something for
lease. The verb lease, on the other hand, refers to granting or
acquiring the temporary use of a thing from a payment.
For example: "Tomorrow I have to call the landlord to ask when we can
take possession of the property, " "The landlord promised to give us a
discount if the drought continues, " "When the landlord approached the
property to claim rent, it was shot by the occupants of the house. "
the lessor is the one who, through a lease, is obliged to
transfer the use and temporary enjoyment of a thing (real estate or furniture)
to the lessee. The lessee's obligation, in turn, is to pay a
certain price for said use and enjoyment to the lessor.
Typically, the landlord requires a periodic payment, which can be known as rent or rent. Another
possibility is that you collect the money required for the
lease in a single payment, or there is even the option that the payment be made
without money, with things of equivalent price.
Suppose a person has a car that they do not use frequently
and that they decide to rent it to their neighbor. The lessor, therefore, signs
a contract with the lessee where it stipulates that it will
allow the temporary use of the car in exchange for 500 pesos a month. The
lessee, therefore, must meet with the lessor every month to deliver the
corresponding money and be able to continue using the vehicle according to the
conditions established in the contract.
Given the lack of information that people outside the legal field usually
have regarding the characteristics of a property lease, there is often great
confusion about the obligations and rights of each party, in
this case, the landlord and tenant. This can lead to unnecessary damages,
generally for the latter, since it can compel him to bear an expense that does
not correspond to him according to legal terms.
The first of the points to take into account is the conservation of
the property; It is important to note that any work necessary for the
maintenance of its structure, so that it continues in a
habitable state, must be borne by the lessor, and this does not entitle him to
increase the rental price. On the other hand, the law obliges the lessee to
allow said arrangements to be made before the end of the contract if the need so
dictates, as well as to request them as soon as it detects the relevant faults
In cases where a repair requires the tenant to leave the home for twenty days
or more, the rent must be reduced proportionally, to compensate
for extraordinary expenses. This does not mean, on the other hand, that it is
not possible to reach an agreement that exempts the lessor from said bonus if
the tenant does not consider it necessary.
The minor repairs that needed to become the inevitable wear
hauling normal use must be paid by the tenant. Regarding the works that
may modify the property, both in its appearance and in the arrangement
of its space, it cannot be carried out by the lessee without prior consent from
the lessor in writing.
If the lessee breaches said obligation and decides to carry out changes in
the property without the consent of the lessor, the latter may terminate the
contract and, optionally, require the first to take charge of restoring the
property to its previous state. If the tenant has a disability and needs to
adapt the property to his possibilities, the landlord cannot refuse to give his
approval although the first one is obliged to make a formal request and wait for
a response before starting the works.