Jamaica Ezine

Jamaica is an island country located in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba and west of Hispaniola (the island shared by Haiti and the Dominican Republic). It lies within the Greater Antilles archipelago and is the third-largest island in the Caribbean.



Jamaica has a tropical climate, characterized by warm temperatures year-round. The island experiences two main seasons: the wet season from May to November and the dry season from December to April. Temperatures are generally cooler in the interior mountain regions.


Jamaica is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including many endemic species found nowhere else on Earth. The island’s ecosystems support various wildlife, including the Jamaican iguana, the Jamaican boa, and numerous bird species such as the doctor bird (Jamaica’s national bird).

Longest Rivers:

The longest river in Jamaica is the Black River, stretching approximately 53.4 kilometers (33.2 miles) across the island’s southwestern region. The Rio Minho is another significant river, flowing through the central part of the island.

Highest Mountains:

The Blue Mountains, located in eastern Jamaica, are the highest mountains on the island. Blue Mountain Peak, the highest point, rises to an elevation of 2,256 meters (7,402 feet) above sea level. These mountains are renowned for their lush forests and coffee plantations.



The history of Jamaica dates back to prehistoric times when indigenous peoples such as the Taino inhabited the island. These indigenous groups lived in harmony with the land, practicing agriculture and fishing.

Spanish Colonization:

In 1494, Christopher Columbus claimed Jamaica for Spain during his second voyage to the Americas. Spanish colonization led to the exploitation of indigenous populations and the introduction of African slavery to work on sugar plantations.

British Rule:

In 1655, the English captured Jamaica from the Spanish, establishing British rule over the island. Jamaica became a major hub for the transatlantic slave trade, with enslaved Africans brought to work on sugar, coffee, and cocoa plantations.

Emancipation and Independence:

Emancipation from slavery occurred in 1838, followed by a gradual transition to independence from British rule. Jamaica gained full independence on August 6, 1962, becoming a sovereign nation within the Commonwealth of Nations.

Modern Age:

Since independence, Jamaica has experienced periods of political and social upheaval, as well as significant economic challenges. However, the country has also made strides in areas such as tourism, agriculture, and culture, contributing to its vibrant and dynamic identity.


Jamaica has a population of approximately 2.9 million people, with a diverse mix of ethnicities and cultures. The majority of Jamaicans are of African descent, with smaller populations of Afro-European, East Indian, Chinese, and mixed-race heritage. English is the official language, and the majority of the population practices Christianity, with significant numbers of adherents to other religions.

Administrative Divisions

Jamaica is divided into 14 parishes, each with its own local government structure. These parishes are further divided into districts and communities, forming the administrative framework of the country. The parishes of Jamaica are:

  1. Kingston
  2. Andrew
  3. Thomas
  4. Portland
  5. Mary
  6. Ann
  7. Trelawny
  8. James
  9. Hanover
  10. Westmoreland
  11. Elizabeth
  12. Manchester
  13. Clarendon
  14. Catherine

10 Largest Cities by Population

Jamaica’s largest cities by population include:

  1. Kingston
  2. Spanish Town
  3. Portmore
  4. Montego Bay
  5. Mandeville
  6. May Pen
  7. Half Way Tree
  8. Savanna-la-Mar
  9. Port Antonio
  10. Ocho Rios

Education Systems

Education in Jamaica is provided by both public and private institutions at all levels, from primary to tertiary education. Primary and secondary education is free and compulsory, and the government has made efforts to improve access to education across the island. Jamaica is home to several universities and colleges, including the University of the West Indies and the University of Technology, Jamaica.



Jamaica has three international airports: Norman Manley International Airport in Kingston, Sangster International Airport in Montego Bay, and Ian Fleming International Airport in Ocho Rios. These airports serve as major gateways for both domestic and international travel.


Jamaica’s railway system, once extensive, has largely fallen into disuse. However, efforts are underway to revive passenger train services, particularly as a tourist attraction for scenic tours.


The island has an extensive network of highways and roads, connecting major cities and towns. The North-South Highway and the East-West Highway are among the major roadways in Jamaica, facilitating transportation and commerce.


The Port of Kingston is Jamaica’s principal seaport and one of the largest in the Caribbean. Other significant ports include the Port of Montego Bay and the Port of Ocho Rios, which handle cargo and cruise ship traffic.

Country Facts

  • Population: Approximately 2.9 million
  • Capital: Kingston
  • Official Language: English
  • Religion: Christianity, with smaller numbers of adherents to other religions
  • Currency: Jamaican Dollar (JMD)
  • ISO Country Code: JM
  • International Calling Code: +1-876
  • Top-Level Domain: .jm